I keep hearing and reading that we humans are mistakenly reading guilt in our dogs and that dogs do not feel guilt or shame. The other day, I was reading a blog about dogs getting jealous. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/...-know-when-theyve-been-dissed-and-dont-it-bit Towards the end of this article, the author brings up the idea of guilt or shame in dogs. He referred to a prior blog of his that stated: Hare and Woods also consider research conducted by Barnard College's Alexandra Horowitz, author of Inside of a Dog and Psychology Today writer, on doggy guilt (pp. 183ff). They write that Horowitz "conducted an experiment to see whether dogs can feel guilty" but they misinterpreted just what Horowitz was actually trying to do. Her research did indeed show that people were not all that good at reading guilt in their dog but her data do not show that dogs cannot feel guilt. This is sort of a minor quibble in such a wide-ranging and comprehensive book, but I frequently hear people say that Horowitz's project showed dogs cannot feel guilt and this is not so (please see Dr. Horowitz's comment about this error). At the end of this blog, he includes Dr Horotwitz's response: "Spot on, on 'guilt.' Thanks so much for alerting me to and correcting the ubiquitous error about my study, some years back, which found that dogs showed more 'guilty look' when a person scolded or was about to scold them, not when the dog actually disobeyed the person's request not to eat a treat. Clearly what the results indicated was that the 'guilty look' did not most often arise when a dog was actually 'guilty.' "My study was decidedly NOT about whether dogs 'feel guilt' or not. (Indeed, I'd love to know...but this behavior didn't turn out to indicate yay or nay.) I would feel dreadful if people then thought the case was closed on dogs (not) feeling guilt, which is definitely not the case. Many secondary sources got this right, but it must require reading the study to appreciate exactly what I did." I thought this was interesting. I have always believed that animals are capable of the full range of emotions - just that they may not be expressed in the way that we humans express them, so I have always cringed when I hear "dogs don't feel guilty". Since there have been studies done to show dogs feel jealousy and hold grudges, etc, doesn't it just make sense that dogs would also feel shame or guilt? Maybe not for taking a cookie - but how many kids would feel guilty about that either - but for other things that we don't consider. When one dog goes over and licks the other's face after having a "spat", might that not mean "I'm sorry". And wouldn't being sorry suggest some sort of guilt over what the dog had done? Maybe something to think about.